Removal of the President

The President can only be removed from office through a process called impeachment.

The Constitution lays down a detailed procedure for the impeachment of the President.

He can only be impeached ‘for violation of the Constitution’.

The following procedure is intentionally kept very difficult so that no President should be removed on flimsy ground.

The resolution to impeach the President can be moved in either House of Parliament.

Such a resolution can be moved only after a notice has been given by at least one-fourth of the total number of members of the House.

14 days notice should be given to the President.

Such a resolution charging the President for violation of the Constitution must be passed by a majority of not less than two-third of the total membership of that House before it goes to the other House for investigation.

The charges levelled against the President are investigated by the second House.

The President has the right to be heard or defended when the charges against him are being investigated.

The President may defend himself in person or through his counsel.

If the charges are accepted by a two-third majority of the total membership of the second House, the impeachment succeeds.

The President thus stands removed from the office from the date on which the resolution is passed.

This procedure of impeachment is even more difficult than the one adopted in America where only simple majority is required in the House of Representatives to initiate the proceedings.