Revolutionary Movement in Maharashtra
Maharashtra was in fact birthplace of the revolutionary movement in India.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak organized Ganapati and Shivaji festival to arise the patriotic feeling of the people.
Two Maharashtrian brothers, Damodar Chafekar & Bal Krishna Chafekar founded the society for the removal of obstacles to the Hindu religion.
Initially, this society merely provided physical and military training but later resorted to terrorist activities.
They committed the first political murder on 22nd June 1897. They targeted Mr. Rand the plague commissioner of Poona.
The Chafekar brothers were bought, convicted and hanged.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak who praised these two brothers had written in his newspaper Maratha, “Plague is more merciful to us than its humane prototypes now reigning in the city”.
Subsequently, Tilak was also implicated for writing against the British Government.
Shyamji Krishna Verma was another revolutionary in Maharashtra.
Shyamji Krishna Verma was connected with the Rand murder case and went to England to avoid punishment.
In 1905, he started India Home rule society which is popularly known as India House in London.
He also started a monthly journal called Indian Sociologist to spread his view.
Later on, he instituted a fellowship to enable Indian young men to go abroad to train themselves for missionary activities.
A group of Indian revolutionary including V.D. Savarkar, Hardayal and Madan Lai Dhingra became members of the Indian House.
V.D. Savarkar along with Shyamji Krishna Verma continued vigorous revolutionary propaganda till 1907 and they shifted to Paris, due to fear of British police.
In May 1907 the India house celebrated the golden jubilee of the Indian revolt of 1857 and V.D. Savarkar described it, as a War of Independence.
His ideas and philosophy were published in his book entitled, The Indian war of Independence.
V.D. Savarkar established the Abhinav Barat Society in India.
The members of the society in India did a commendable job during the Swadeshi movement.
The society continued to impart training to the members in arms and explosions.
The society grew very popular in a short period of time and branches were established all over Maharashtra.
Another important member of India House was Madan Lal Dhingra.
In 1909 he shot dead Col. William Curzon Wyllie, Political A.D.C. to India office.
Dhingra arrested and hanged.
In 1909, the unpopular District Magistrate, Mr. Jackson was shot dead by Anant Laxman Kanhere.
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