Right against Exploitation:
Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour [Article 23]
The people of India were exploited not only by the British but also by the money lenders and zamindars.
This system was called forced labour.
Right against exploitation prohibits all forms of forced labour as well as traffic in human beings.
The violation of this provision is an offence punishable under law.
The state requires citizen services in times of major calamities such as floods, forest fire, foreign aggression etc.
Our Constitution also provides safeguards for children.
It bans the employment of children below the age of fourteen years in any factory, mine or hazardous occupations.
Traffic in human beings means sale and purchase of human beings as goods and commodities for immoral purposes such as slavery and prostitution.
Prohibition of Employment of Children in Factories, etc. [Article 24]
It prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory, mine or other hazardous activities like construction work or railway.
But it does not prohibit their employment in any harmless or innocent work.
The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, is the most important law in this direction.
The Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005 was enacted to provide for the establishment of a National Commission and State Commissions for Protection of Child Rights and Children’s Courts for providing speedy trial of offences against children or of violation of child rights.
In 2006, the government banned the employment of children as domestic servants or workers in business establishments like hotels, dhabas, restaurants, shops, factories, resorts, spas, tea-shops and so on.
It warned that anyone employing children below 14 years of age would be liable for prosecution and penal action.