Gandhi was appointed as the sole representative of the Congress to the Second Round Table Conference.
Gandhi claimed that the Congress alone represented political India; that the Untouchables were Hindus and should not be treated as a “minority”; and that there should be no separate electorates or special safeguards for Muslims or other minorities.
These claims were rejected by the other Indian participants.
During the Conference, Gandhi could not reach an agreement with the Muslims on Muslim representation and safeguards.
Gandhi took particular exception to the treatment of untouchables as a minority separate from the rest of the Hindu community.
He clashed with the leader of depressed classes, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, over this issue.
The main representatives at the Second Round Table Conference:
Government of India – Narendra Nath Law, C. P. Ramaswami Iyer
Universities – Syed Sultan Ahmed, Bisheshwar Dayal Seth
Labour – N. M. Joshi, B. Shiva Rao, V. V. Giri
Women – Sarojini Naidu, Begum Jahanara Shahnawaz, Radhabai Subbarayan
Indian Christians – A. T. Pannirselvam, Surendra Kumar Datta
Sikhs – Sardar Ujjal Singh, Sardar Sampuran Singh
Depressed Classes – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, Rettamalai Srinivasan
Liberals – J. N. Basu, Tej Bahadur Sapru, C. Y. Chintamani, V. S. Srinivasa Sastri, C.H. Setalvad
Hindus – B. S. Moonje, M. R. Jayakar, Diwan Bahadur Raja Narendra Nath
Muslim League – Aga Khan III, Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar, Muhammad Shafi, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Muhammad Zafarullah Khan
Indian National Congress: Mahatma Gandhi, A. Rangaswami Iyengar, Madan Mohan Malaviya