SECOND ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE (SEPTEMBER – DECEMBER 1931)


Gandhi was appointed as the sole representative of the Congress to the second Round Table Conference.

Gandhi claimed that the Congress alone represented political India; that the Untouchables were Hindus and should not be treated as a “minority”; and that there should be no separate electorates or special safeguards for Muslims or other minorities.

These claims were rejected by the other Indian participants.

During the Conference, Gandhi could not reach agreement with the Muslims on Muslim representation and safeguards.

Gandhi took particular exception to the treatment of untouchables as a minority separate from the rest of the Hindu community.

He clashed with the leader of depressed classes, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, over this issue.

The main representatives were as follows—–

Government of India – Narendra Nath Law, C. P. Ramaswami Iyer

Universities – Syed Sultan Ahmed, Bisheshwar Dayal Seth

Labour – N. M. Joshi, B. Shiva Rao, V. V. Giri

Women – Sarojini Naidu, Begum Jahanara Shahnawaz, Radhabai Subbarayan

Indian Christians – A. T. Pannirselvam, Surendra Kumar Datta

Sikhs – Sardar Ujjal Singh, Sardar Sampuran Singh

Depressed Classes – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, Rettamalai Srinivasan

Liberals – J. N. Basu, Tej Bahadur Sapru, C. Y. Chintamani, V. S. Srinivasa Sastri, C.H. Setalvad

Hindus – B. S. Moonje, M. R. Jayakar, Diwan Bahadur Raja Narendra Nath

Muslim League – Aga Khan III, Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar, Muhammad Shafi, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Muhammad Zafarullah Khan

Indian National Congress: Mahatma Gandhi, A. Rangaswami Iyengar, Madan Mohan Malaviya