The Harappan society was matriarchal in nature.

This view is based on the popularity of the mother goddess as indicated by the finding of a large number of terracotta female figurines in Punjab and Sind region.

The Harappan religion is normally termed as animism i.e., worship of trees, stones etc.

In some cases the female is shown with an infant while there is one that shows a plant growing out of the uterus of a woman.

The Harappans living in different areas followed different religious practices as there is no evidence of fire-pits at Harappa or Mohanjodaro.