State Human Rights Commission India

The State Human Rights Commission is a statutory autonomous body that administers the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.

The Act is intended to help ensure that all people in India are treated fairly.


Chairman and some members appointed by the Governor in consultation with the Chief Minister, Home Minister, Speaker and Leader of the Opposition in State Assembly.

The chairman is to be a retired judge of the High Court;

One of the members should be a serving or a retired District Judge in that state;

One member is to be a serving judge or a retired judge of the High Court,

Two members are to be activists in the field of Human Rights.

The chairman or any other member is removable by the President on the charge of proved misbehavior or incapacity after a regular inquiry by a judge of the Supreme Court.


Functions of the Commission—

The Commission shall, perform all or any of the following functions, namely—

[1] Inquire, on its own initiative or on a petition presented to it by a victim or any person on his behalf, into complaint of—

–violation of human rights or abetment or

–negligence in the prevention of such violation, by a public servant;

[2] intervene in any proceeding involving any allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court with the approval of such court;

[3] visit, under intimation to the State Government, any jail or any other institution under the control of the State Government, where persons are detained or lodged for purposes of treatment, reformation or protection to study the living condition of the inmates and make recommendations thereon ;

[4] review the safeguards by or under the Constitution or any law for the time being in force for the protection of human rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation;

[5] review the factors, including acts of terrorism that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights and recommend appropriate remedial measures;

[6] study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation;

[7] undertake and promote research in the field of human rights;

[8] spread human rights literacy among various sections of society and promote awareness of the safeguards available for the protection of these rights through publications, the media, seminars and other available means;

[9] encourage the efforts of non – Governmental organizations and institutions working in the field of human rights;

[10] such other functions as it may consider necessary for the promotion of human rights.