The Chisti Order was established in India by Muinuddin Chishti.
The Chishtis believed in:
– love as the bond between God and individual soul,
– the tolerance between people of different faiths,
– acceptance of disciples irrespective of their religious beliefs,
– attitude of benevolence to all,
– association with Hindu and Jain yogi’s, and
– use of simple language
The Chishti pirs laid great emphasis on the simplicity of life, poverty, humility and selfless devotion to God.
Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti argued that highest form of devotion to God was to redress the misery of those in distress, fulfilling the need of the helpless and to feed the hungry.
They refused to accept any grant for their maintenance from the Sultans.
Nizamuddin Auliya, was the best known Chishti saint of the Sultanate period.
He lived in the fourteenth century.
During his lifetime he was witness to the establishment of the Khalji rule after the death of Balban and subsequently the establishment of the Tughlaq’s.
Nasiruddin Chiragh Delhi was another of the Chishti saints of Delhi.
He played an active role in the political affairs of the period.
In the 13th century the Chishti Order was established in the Deccan by Shaikh Burhanuddin Gharib.
Between the 14th and 16th centuries many Chishti Sufis migrated to Gulbarga.
The Deccan city of Bijapur emerged as an important centre for Sufi activity.