The economic significance of mountains


Large resources of minerals are found in the mountains.

The Appalachian range in the United States is well-known for coal and limestone deposits.

Tea and coffee plantations and some fruits orchards have been developed on mountain and hill slopes.

Hydro-electricity is generated from the waters of perennial rivers in the mountain regions.

The mountainous countries like Japan, Italy, and Switzerland, which suffer from the shortage of coal have developed hydro-electricity.

Perennial rivers rising in the snow-fed or heavily rain fed mountains are an important source of water.

The rivers that originate in the high mountain region bring silt along with water to the lower valleys. This helps in the formation of fertile plains.

The great alluvial plain of northern India has been formed by the rivers Ganga, Sutlej and the Brahmaputra.

The mountain ranges do act as natural political frontiers between countries and protect them from invasions to some extent.

The Himalayas have formed a political frontier between India and China.

Mountainous areas have lower temperatures.

They serve as a climatic divide between two adjoining regions.

The Himalaya, for example, form a barrier to the movement of cold winds from Central Asia towards the Indian subcontinent.

They also force the South West Monsoons to ascend and cause rainfall on their southern slopes.

The pleasant climate and the beautiful scenery of the mountains have led to their development as centers of tourist attraction.

Shimla, Nainital, Mussoorie, and Srinagar are some of the important hill stations of India which attract tourists all over the world.

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