Economic significance of mountains
Large resources of minerals are found in the mountains.
Coal and limestone deposits are found in the Appalachian range in the United States.
On mountain slopes, tea and coffee plantations and some fruit orchards are grown.
Hydroelectricity is produced in the mountain regions from the waters of perennial rivers.
Mountainous countries like Japan, Italy, and Switzerland, suffering from coal shortages, have created hydroelectricity.
Perennial rivers rising in the snow-fed or heavily rain-fed mountains are an important source of water.
The rivers from the high mountain area bring silt and sediment to the lower valleys.
This helps in the formation of fertile plains.
Northern India’s great alluvial plain was formed by rivers Ganga, Sutlej, and Brahmaputra.
The mountain ranges serve as natural political boundaries between countries and to a certain degree defend them against invasions.
The Himalayas have formed a political frontier between India and China.
Mountainous areas have lower temperatures.
They serve as a climatic divide between two adjoining regions.
The Himalayas act as a barrier to cold winds coming from Central Asia to the Indian subcontinent.
The Himalayas also push the Southwest Monsoon to rise and induce precipitation on its southern slopes.
The pleasant climate and the beautiful scenery of the mountains have led to their development as centers of tourist attraction.
Shimla, Nainital, Mussoorie, and Srinagar are some of the important hill stations of India which attract tourists all over the world.