The New Agricultural Policy

The Government of India has announced (28th July 2000) a new National Agricultural policy, 2000, in the light of changes arising out of economic liberalization and globalization.

The main aims of the policy are

[1] achieving more than 4 per cent per annum growth rate in agriculture sector,

[2] growth based on efficient use of resources and conservation of soil, water and biodiversity,

[3] growth with equity-in region and among the farmers,

[4] growth that caters to domestic market and maximizes benefits from exports of agricultural products and

[5] technologically, environmentally and economically sustainable growth.


The main features of this policy are

[1] privatisation of agriculture and price protection of produce,

[2] land leasing and contract farming by private companies,

[3] raising the ceiling of land holdings,

[4] involving national livestock breeding strategy to meet requirement of milk, meat, egg and livestock products.

[5] protection of plant varieties and improvement of horticultural crops, livestock species and agriculture.

[6] liberalization of domestic market by dismantling of restriction on movement of commodities in the country.

[7] improving the domestic and international marketing system.

[8] facilitating the flow of credit to farmers against pledging of their products and providing them most other facilities available to manufacturing sector.

[9] keeping agriculture outside the regulatory and tax collection system.

[10] encouraging consolidation of land holdings and speeding up tenancy reforms to recognize the right of the tenants and sharecroppers.