The Sultan was the central figure in the administrative set up.
He was the head of the civil administration and Supreme Commander of the army.
He made all the appointments and promotions.
He was also the head of the Judiciary.
The position of the Sultan was always under pressure from the powerful group of nobility and Ulema.
Sultans of Delhi adopted various strategies to keep these groups under control.
Balban kept the nobles firmly under his control.
The personality of the Sultan played a significant role in the administrative structure of the Sultanate.