On 30 April 1908, two Bengali youths, Prafulla Chaki and Khudiram Bose, threw a bomb on a carriage at Muzzafarpur, to kill the Chief Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford of Calcutta fame, but erroneously killed two women traveling in it.
While Prafulla Chaki committed suicide when caught, Khudiram Bose was hanged.
Lokmanya Tilak, in his paper Kesari, defended the revolutionaries and called for immediate Swaraj or self-rule.
The Government arrested him for sedition.
But a special jury convicted him, and the judge Dinshaw D. Davar gave him the controversial sentence of six years’ transportation and a fine of Rs 1,000.