Warren Hastings as governor of Bengal (1772-86)


In 1769 he Warren Hastings was appointed in Council in Madras.

Two years later he was sent back to Bengal as governor in charge of the company’s affairs there.

Warren Hastings acquired the new title of the governor-general and new responsibilities for supervising other British settlements in India, but these powers had now to be shared with a Supreme Council of four others, three of whom were new to India.

These four were Clavering, Francis, Monson, and Barwell.

Warren Hastings ended the Dual System put forth by Robert Clive.

The next step he took was to stop the payments of Tributes to the Delhi Emperor.

He introduced settlement of land revenue in 1772 farming outlands to the highest bidder on an annual basis.

He was the conservator of the Asiatic Society.

 

Following things were happened during Warren Hastings’ tenure:

The Act of 1773 approved for setting up of Supreme Court at Calcutta.

Founded the administrative system with district collectors, divisional commissioners in charge of revenue and law and order.

First Anglo Maratha War with the treaty of Salbai.

Second Anglo- Mysore War with the treaty of Mangalore.

Foundation of Asiatic Society of Bengal by William Jones in 1784.

Established the Calcutta Madarasa in 1781.

In 1784 the Calcutta Gazette was published.

Created five custom houses – Calcutta, Hugali, Murshidabad, Dacca and Patna, and duties were lowered to 2 and a half percent payable by all merchants.

Royal treasury shifted from Murshidabad to Calcutta.

Warren Hastings tendered his resignation in protest against the Pits India Bill in 1785.

He was accused of the Rohilla war; Nand Kumar’s murder; the case of the Chet Singh and accepting of bribes.

His impeachment lasted for seven years from 1788 to 1795. He was exonerated for all the charges.

 

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