WARREN HASTINGS AS GOVERNOR OF BENGAL (1772-86)


In 1769 he was appointed second in Council in Madras.

Two years later he received his great opportunity when he was sent back to Bengal as governor in charge of the company’s affairs there.

Warren Hastings acquired the new title of governor-general and new responsibilities for supervising other British settlements in India, but these powers had now to be shared with a Supreme Council of four others, three of whom were new to India.

These four were Clavering, Francis, Monson and Barwell.

Warren Hastings  ended the Dual System put forth by Robert Clive.

Next step he took was to stop the payments of Tributes to the Delhi Emperor.

He introduced settlement of land revenue in 1772 farming out lands to the highest bidder on annual basis.

He was conservator of Asiatic Society.

Following things were happened during Warren Hastings’ tenure:

The Act of 1773 approved for setting up of Supreme Court at Calcutta.

Founded the administrative system with district collectors, divisional commissioners in charge of revenue and law and order.

First Anglo Maratha War with treaty of Salbai.

Second Anglo- Mysore War with treaty of Mangalore.

Foundation of Asiatic Society of Bengal by William Jones in 1784.

Established the Calcutta Madarasa in 1781.

In 1784 the Calcutta Gazette was published.

Created five custom houses – Calcutta, Hugali, Murshidabad, Dacca and Patna and duties were lowered to 2 and half percent payable by all merchants.

Royal treasury shifted from Murshidabad to Calcutta.

Warren Hastings tendered his resignation in protest against the Pits India Bill in 1785.

He was accused for the Rohilla bar; Nand Kumar’s murder; the case of the Chet Singh and accepting of bribes.

His impeachment lasted for seven years from 1788 to 1795. He was exonerated for all the charges.